After the fall of Constantinople inthe basilica was converted into a mosque and was used for religious services until when it was closed.
External view of the 11th-century monastery of Hosios Loukas in Greece.
Other churches from the years immediately predating the fall of Constantinople survive on Mount Athos and in Mistra e. The most famous church of this type was that of the Holy Apostles, Constantinople.
In the East it exerted a profound influence on early Islamic architecture, with notable examples including the Umayyad Great Mosque of Damascus and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Finally, at Hagia Sophia 6th century a combination was made which is perhaps the most remarkable piece of planning ever contrived.
However, the Ottomans divided it into two separate sections, one for men and one for women. The window and door frames were of marble.
The altar was protected by a canopy or ciborium resting on pillars. The continuous influence from the East is strangely shown in the fashion of decorating external brick walls of churches built about the 12th century, in which bricks roughly carved into form are set up so as to make bands of ornamentation which it is quite clear are imitated from Cufic writing.
Above the conchs of the small apses rise the two great semi-domes which cover the hemicycles, and between these bursts out the vast lome over the central square.
Neo-Byzantine architecture had a small following in the wake of the Neo-Gothic of the nineteenth century. The court is the atrium and usually has a fountain in the middle under a canopy resting on pillars.
A central space of ft 30 m square is increased to ft 60 m in length by adding two hemicycles to it to the east and the west; these are again extended by pushing out three minor apses eastward, and two others, one on either side of a straight extension, to the west.
The Hagia Sophia church in Ochrid present-day Macedonia and the eponymous cathedral in Kiev present-day Ukraine testify to a vogue for multiple subsidiary domes set on drums, which would gain in height and narrowness with the progress of time.
Church of Saint Catherine Thessaloniki The Church of Saint Catherine in the old town of Thessaloniki, Greece, is one of the most beautifully preserved Byzantine churches even though it served as a mosque for much of its existence. Brick replaced stone, classical orders were used more freely, mosaics replaced carved decoration, and complex domes were erected.
Unfortunately, much of the once richly decorated hippodrome is long gone but many statues, obelisks and other features that used to adorn it have been quite well preserved: The most famous church of this type was that of the Holy Apostles, Constantinople.
Built on what is believed to be the site of martyrdom of Saint Vitalis also known as Vitalis of Milanthe basilica was consecrated in Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine empire.
The empire emerged gradually after ADwhen Constantine moved the capital of the Roman empire to Byzantium, which was later renamed Constantinople and is now Istanbul. Byzantine architecture had its roots in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul, Turkey) but spread throughout the Byzantine Empire in eastern Mediterranean and Near East area.
The era started around AD and lasted until Byzantine structures featured soaring spaces and sumptuous decoration: marble columns and inlay, mosaics on the vaults, inlaid-stone pavements, and sometimes gold coffered ceilings. The architecture of Constantinople extended throughout the Christian East and in some places, notably Russia, remained in use after the fall of Constantinople ().
Ultimately, Byzantine architecture in the West gave a way to Carolingian, Romanesque, and Gothic architecture. But a great part of current Italy used to belong to the Byzantine Empire before that. But a great part of current Italy used to belong to the Byzantine Empire before that.
Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman mint-body.comine architecture was mostly influenced by Roman and Greek architecture and later Sassanian and Islamic influences to an extent. Hagia Sophia, the most famous and most spectacular example of Byzantine architecture, was built between and to replace an early 5th century church that .Download