The economy shifted from being agriculturally based to one based on manufacturing and industry. This term was applied to describe the strong current of the river Melayu in Sumatra.
Melaka was an important commercial centre during this time, attracting trade from around the region. Bythe British directly controlled Penang, Melaka, Singapore, and the island of Labuanwhich they established as the crown colony of the Straits Settlements. Development on the peninsula and Borneo were generally separate until the 19th century.
By the 13th and the 14th century, the Majapahit empire had successfully wrested control over most of the peninsula and the Malay Archipelago from Srivijaya. Under British rule the immigration of Chinese and Indians to serve as labourers was encouraged.
Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the fourth or fifth century. The Dutch fleet battling with the Portuguese armada as part of the Dutch—Portuguese War in to gain control of Melaka InMelaka was conquered by Portugal after which it was taken by the Dutch in The British obtained the town of Singapore in and in took control of Melaka following the Anglo-Dutch Treaty.
Their presence resulted in strong Indian and Chinese influences on the local cultures, and the people of the Malay Peninsula adopted the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism.
This strife culminated in the 13 May race riots in The Malayan Emergency lasted from toand involved a long anti-insurgency campaign by Commonwealth troops in Malaya. By the 20th century, the states of PahangSelangorPerakand Negeri Sembilanknown together as the Federated Malay Stateshad British residents appointed to advise the Malay rulers, to whom the rulers were bound to defer to by treaty.
The Malayan Union, established inand consisting of all the British possessions in the Malay Peninsula with the exception of Singaporewas quickly dissolved and replaced on 1 February by the Federation of Malayawhich restored the autonomy of the rulers of the Malay states under British protection.
Numerous mega-projects were completed, such as the Petronas Towersthe North—South Expresswaythe Multimedia Super Corridorand the new federal administrative capital of Putrajaya. During this time, ethnic tensions were raised and nationalism grew.Take a trip into an upgraded, more organized inbox with Yahoo Mail.
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Sincethe S.E.A. Write Awards, or the Southeast Asian Write Awards, have been presented annually to poets and writers in Southeast Asia.
Bordering East Malaysia, the Sulu Sea is a biodiversity hotspot, with around coral species and fish species. Between andMalaysia has been listed as one of the best places to retire to in the world, The earliest known Malay writing is on the Terengganu stone, made in The S.E.A.
Write Award, or Southeast Asian Writers Award, is an award that is presented annually since to poets and writers of Southeast Asia. The awards are given to the writers from each of the countries that comprise the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, though not all countries in ASEAN are represented every year.
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