One important question that was investigated was; what motivates people to join or identify with groups and engage in specific forms of inter-group behavior? Sunnafrank argued that rather than being driven to reduce uncertainty, people were more strongly motivated to maximize reward, Afifi, Uncertainty can make people avoid a situation or behavior aversive state and cause cognitive stress.
Some explorations in initial interaction and beyond: Individuals typically enter this stage after they have had several entry stage interactions with a stranger.
Anticipation of Future Interaction — People will seek information about others they expect to see again, such as co-workers and neighbors. They act in a manner that is departing from accepted standards Example: Preferring to protect themselves from the truth of certain situations Knobloch, Stages of Communication Finally, Berger and Calabrese described three stages of communication through which uncertainty reduction advances: Job hiring process[ edit ] See also: The active strategy involves setting up a situation where the person of interest can be observed or approached for interaction.
We are typically drawn to people who are more like us, because we feel less uncertain when similarities are present. Similarity When individuals realize that they share the same interests as the other person, the uncertainty decreases.
Kramer presents some major tenets and criticisms of the uncertainty reduction theory and then propose a Motivation to Reduce Uncertainty MRU model.
For example, if you know you will be working on a project for a long time with an individual, you might be more compelled to learn more about him or her. An active strategist would result to means of reducing uncertainties without any personal direct contact.
Physical cues such as these will lead the other in the interaction feeling less uncertain. Core concepts of Uncertainty Reduction Theory The theory says that people need prior information about others to reduce their uncertainty.
Other assumptions related to this theory are: Verbal Output — High levels of verbal output correlate positively with a greater reduction in uncertainty, higher levels of communication intimacy, similarity between individuals and liking. As individuals have less uncertainty there is less expectation for each exchange to be equal to one another.
There are three basic ways people seek information about another person: The contents of the exchanges are often dependent on cultural norms. Through their studies with 1, students from 10 universities in the United States, Kathy Kellerman and Rodney Reynolds conclude that "no need exists to integrate concern for uncertainty reduction into the axiomatic framework" A study, conducted in the United States, suggests that significant differences are apparent.
Using uncertainty reduction strategies through online sources have proven to be good predictions and indicators of targeted individuals. Information seeking The need of information seeking decreases as uncertainty about the other person decreases.
Information can be obtained passively through observation or interactively through conversation. The startled individuals stare at each other awkwardly for a few seconds. Critics have argued that reducing uncertainty is not the driving force of interaction.
The manager is assigning projects to the people in your department, every project returns a different commission which will directly influence your income.Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT) is a theory from the field of interpersonal communication that seeks to explain how uncertainty, or lack of knowledge, drives interpersonal mint-body.com initial approach to uncertainty management theories "dramatically shaped scholars' understanding of the way people manage uncertainty,".
Uncertainty Reduction Theory “The Vow” and “Meet the Parents” Uncertainty reduction theory is “the point of view that uncertainty motivates communication and that certainty reduces the motivation to communicate” (Wood, definition). The uncertainty reduction theory was developed by Charles 'Chuck' Berger.
It states that people need to reduce uncertainty about other individuals by gaining information about them. It states that people need to reduce uncertainty about other individuals by gaining information about them.
The uncertainty reduction theory explores the initial interaction between people that occurs before the actual communication process and is hence also known as initial interaction theory. It was developed by Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese in The uncertainty reduction theory also lead to the formation of a model originated by Michael W.
Kramer. Kramer presents some major tenets and criticisms of the uncertainty reduction theory and then propose a Motivation to Reduce Uncertainty (MRU) model. The Uncertainty Reduction Theory asserts that people have a need to reduce uncertainty about others by gaining information about them.
Information gained can then be used to predict the others' behavior. Reducing uncertainty is particularly important in relationship development, so it is typical to.Download