The answer to this question will highlight the contributions that family systems make to the on-going life of societies. Functional theory is based on some assumptions. Killer have pointed out. In organic societies there is a differentiation between different groups which function as subsets of the societal organism.
Integration is important so that each individual would chose to become part of one of the vital organs of society. Also events such as war function to demonstrate the cohesiveness and solidarity of society. They view society as a system of interrelated parts.
Talcott Parsons explained integration as the mutual adjustments of subsystems from the point of view of their contributions to the effective functioning of the social organism. For example, Kinsley Davis has come up with some innovative and convincing explanation for the practice of prostitution which the society condemns and at the same time maintains.
Social systems tend to be stable because they have built-in mechanisms of control. Cohesion is the glue that cements the bonds while solidarity are the sentiments common to all within the cohesive group. Equilibrium needs to be maintained in order for the social organism to be healthy, if one part becomes too strong or too weak the other parts must compensate in order to return to equlibrium.
Each part of society must feel that society in large benefits them and that they are a vital part of society.
Functionalism Functionalism is the sociological theory which holds that each part of society is necessary for the functioning of the social organism. Integration would not exist if everyone felt isolated from others and the society at large. Change is usually gradual. It also gives people roles in life, enabling them to earn a living and to draw a sense of identity from the work that they do.
Social change is, therefore, likely to be disruptive unless it takes place relatively slowly. This collective consciouse was so powerful that it caused people to see Japanese Americans as potential spies since one of the enemies of WW2 were the japanese.
The individuals are the cells that make up the vital organs, without the individuals the organs would eventually die, and the whole social organism would collapse.
The value system is the most stable element of the social system. In mechanic societies there is a high solidarity among all members of that society: Cohesion is the tenet that maintains that a collective consciousness holds all of these subsets or organs together and in turn maintains these organs within the social organism.
These elements, or tenets of functionalism are cohesion, integration, solidarity, and equilibrium. Functional theory and research represent a young but rapidly growing approach. Solidarity is like a common gene sequence which is repeated from one member to another.
Dysfunctions exist, but they tend to resolve themselves or become institutionalised in the long run. Each part can not function without the other parts. For example if the heart failed all of the other major organs would die along with the organism.
Each vital organ of society is pertinent to the functioning of the other vital organs. Indivduals become integrated into society through the process of socialization which helps to shape and mold an individual to share rules and practices of a subset and the social organism at large.
Sociologists with a functional approach study the way in which each part of a society contributes to the functioning of the society as a whole.
Some of the members of society may lose function as society replaces certain parts of itself with cyborg parts.Essay on A Response to Functionalism - A Response to Functionalism Stephen Priest in Theories of Mind Chapter 5 describes functionalism as 'the theory that being. Compare the three early psychologies of structuralism functionalism and psychoanalysis Your response should identify the major thinkers Why Choose 5 Star Essay.
Essay on Functionalism – The concept of ‘function’ has been further elaborated by some of the sociologists which ultimately led them to establish a “functionalist theory” as such. Sociological Theories Response functionalism, CLASSIC THEORIES OF SOCIOLOGY 1 CLASSIC THEORIES OF SOCIOLOGY Abstract The purpose of this essay is to.
A Response to Functionalism Stephen Priest in Theories of Mind Chapter 5 describes functionalism as 'the theory that being in a mental state is being in a functional state' and adds that.
Free Essay: There are three main theoretical perspectives (or theories) that represent the views of sociologist and educators, these views are the conflict.Download